Technology has always been part of human existence far back as history goes and as…
What Are The Major 2 Types of Processes Used By Technology
A process involves a series of identifiable tasks that must be completed through various steps. In fact, technology is characterized by actions and tasks that should be accomplished over a specific period of time. On the other hand, technology uses 2 major types of processes which include; problem-solving processes and transformation-processes but there are also other types of process which will be listed in this post.
2 Major Types Of Process – (Problem solving & Transformation)
- Problem solving process: These are procedures used to develop technology. In fact, technology develops and uses tools, machines and systems to extend human-ability in-order to control and modify the environment. The problem solving process actually involves 5 major steps as listed below;
- Identifying the problem: This step involves collecting basic information about the problem and then design limitations are developed.
- Developing solutions to the problem: with this step, several possible solutions to the problem are developed and redefined through idea-creation and brainstorming (creative-thinking procedures).
- Isolating and detailing the best solution: This step involves selecting the best solution and afterwards refine’ it for best results.
- Modeling and evaluating the solution: Here, physical and graphic models of the selected solution are produced and tested by the design-team.
- Finalizing the solution: This involves selecting the final-solution and then prepare it for production and use.
- Transformation Process: When a technological-device or system is designed, it has to be built and operated and this process is referred to as transformation. In fact, resources are used to transform key-input into a more usable form. For example, technology can be used to transform trees into lumber which is then used to make furniture, oil can be used to develop petroleum/fuel that is used in cars and other purposes. However, the transformation process requires 2-types of technological processes which include; production and management
- Production-processes: These are actions completed to perform the function of a technological system. In fact, production-processes are used to change natural resources into industrial-materials, convert materials into products, convert information into media-messages, convert form into energy and to use energy into powered-transportation vehicles in order to move people and finished-products. on the other hand, production-processes involve 5-major actions as listed below;
- Analyzing the design: this involves analyzing the design of a device, product, service or system. In fact, a design is an output of the problem-solving-process.
- Obtaining Resources (inputs): this involves gathering resources needed to produce a device, service or system. For example, getting raw-oil which will be used in the productions of fuel.
- Producing the product: This step involves using the acquired resources to produce a device, service or system. For example, extracting the fuel from the raw-oil.
- Delivering the product (output): this step will involve delivering the finished device, service or system to the market or customer. For example, putting the fuel into transportation-tankers and then distributing it to different fuel-stations so that customers can easily access it.
- Operating, maintaining and servicing the product or system will be the next step and the last step will be disposing or recycling worn-out device product or system. For example, a car will need maintenance after a given period of time and its scrap can be recycled to produce new products.
- Management processes: These are actions used to ensure that a production process operates efficiently and appropriately. In fact, management-processes are used to direct the design, development, production and marketing of technological devices, services or systems. on the other hand, management activities involve 4 functions which include;
- Planning: This step involves setting-up goals and courses of action in order to reach desired goals.
- Organizing: This step involves dividing tasks into major segments so that the goals can be met and resources are assigned to complete each task.
- Actuating: This step involves starting the system to operate by assigning and supervising work.
- Controlling: This involves comparing system output to a desired goal. In fact, management-processes are used b individuals and groups of people to organize and their activities. For example, you may have a task to complete like writing a book but you should first plan this task by selecting a topic, establish major-steps to be completed and then set deadlines for each task. Afterwards, obtain resources like reference-materials, writing-equipment and time then finish by editing and drafting the final book. In fact, this is referred to as control and includes; evaluation, feedback and corrective-action.
Note: For any product to get fully developed before reaching the market requires going through the listed processes in order design, produce, deliver and even evaluate it in-order to make some necessary changes that will make it very functional to use. In fact, some products today can even be recalled by the manufacturers’ in-order to correct their design-flaws through a series of processes. However, design-flaws are usually identified by the users after reaching the market and this actually makes production expensive due to repeated processes.